Throughout Craig Raine's seventeen-stanza poem a number of functional gadgets become evident with defamiliarisation being the most prominent. Raine also uses alienation to enable the audience to observe Earth and human actions from a Martian's " alien" perspective. Marxist ideas aid in the meaning of this composition in that Raine suggests that the printing engages rule the world- or at least its censorship. Freudian fictional theories are also available in useful once analysing " A Martian Sends a Postcard Home" especially with the final two stanzas being regarding the metaphysical world of dreams.

Raine's unconventional world hypothetically assumes another state, wherever Martians can be found to the magnitude that they have arrived on Earth and therefore are able to possess mail provided back to their home planet giving the poem a to some degree farcical mother nature. However this kind of poem makes one of its features very clear; rasiing the question of are all of us alone in the universe right to the cutting edge of our heads for a new examination.

The structure of " A Martian Transmits A Postcard Back Home" is very much such as a postcard itself, only this is a puzzled postcard. Postcards rarely demand a response nevertheless , this one certainly does in the form of clarification. The Martian gets confused with the between an infant and a telephone, (st10-12), emphasising the confusion between technology and the natural started in stanza one, with " Caxtons" being " mechanical fowl[s]", meaning papers and books.

The recommendation of books controlling the emotions helped bring forth in the beginning of the composition introduces Marxist theory into the poem; ideology in modern day capitalist societies suggests that whomever owns the publishing properties controls social production, and then the strength of capitalism on its own. Also reinforcing Marxist ideas throughout the poem is the fact the fact that poem is definitely stereotypical of human homes not mentioning poverty or perhaps excessive wealth. For example stanza ten;

" In homes a haunted apparatus naps, "

This insinuates that every homes have got a baby, later on revealing this to mean telephones also. Marx advocates believe that you will find only two sorts of persons: those who labour, and those who profit from time. This poem disregards that theory, and suggests that all humans are the same with the simply difference being whether youthful or old.

The very fact that Raine makes the audience of the composition stand back and defamiliarise themselves from the community, enables person to consider and maybe scrutinise the fact that world can be run. Marxists are constantly looking at the earth in this way in order to attempt to boost it- often in moves against capitalism. Many of the two sociologists and psychologists think that the best way to assess is to defamiliarise, this really should not too tough as Erich Fromm assumed that;

Modern man is usually alienated coming from himself, via his fellow men, and from nature. He has become Transformed into a commodity, experience his lifestyle forces while an investment, which will must take him, the most profit offered under existing market conditions

This clearly ties along with the Marxist beliefs that you have the workers, and people who are worked pertaining to.

Another point via Raine's poem that increases Marxist topics is that of the " Unit T", talking about the car made by Ford. This company being a Western huge-scale company would definitely be a topic to get Marxist advocates to discuss, them of course looking after be against the capitalist companies. One can certainly read Raine's negative stereotypes in the way that he portrays these companies, and Western societies as a whole throughout his poetry, not only this one.

When Raine depicts the pulse as well as its comparison which has a watch, (again emphasising the confusion between technology and the natural), the subject of the importance of your time to the smooth running of the planet emerges. With no time the western capitalist world would be in uncertainty, but even the " Third World" requirements...

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