www.defra.gov.uk

Creatures Crime:

A guide to the use of forensic and specialist

techniques in the investigation of wildlife crime

March 2005

Wildlife Crime:

A guide to the utilization of forensic and specialist

techniques in the exploration of animals crime

Section for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Nobel Residence

17 Jones Square

London, uk SW1P 3JR

Telephone 020 7238 6000

Website: www.defra.gov.uk

В© Crown copyright june 2006

Copyright in the typographical layout and design and style rests with the Crown. This kind of publication (excluding the logo) may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium given that it is produced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The material must be acknowledged as Overhead copyright with all the title and source of the publication specific.

Further replications of this syndication are available coming from:

PAW Secretariat

Defra

Area 1/14

Brow Quay Residence

2 The Square

Temple Quay

Bristol

BS1 6EB

Tel: 0117 372 8551

Email: foot. [email protected] gov. uk

Published by the Division for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Printed in the united kingdom, March 2006, on recycled material containing 80% post-consumer waste and 20% totally chlorine totally free virgin pulp. PB 10582

Foreword

Special Colleague

The application of forensic and specialist associated with the research of creatures crime has increased dramatically over the last ten years, and has often played a crucial role in securing convictions in a wide range of offences.

This guide, the latest inside the " Creatures Crime” series published by Department pertaining to Environment, Foodstuff and Rural Affairs for the Alliance for Action Against Wildlife Crime (PAW), brings together details of a range of cases in which such methods have been utilized. PAW motivates and helps bring about the use of a entire range of regular and non-standard techniques – this newsletter provides a central reference origin and a host of practical tips and will, we feel, further motivate wildlife enforcers to consider using these kinds of techniques as they go about their work. We could indebted to the PAW Forensics Working Group, who originally put forward the idea for this syndication, and in particular to Guy Shorrock, Senior Investigations Officer on the RSPB who have put together almost all of the material. We all commend that to you. For those who have any contributions that would even more assist enforcers, or if you would like any further data, please contact us through the FOOT Secretariat at Zone 1/14, Temple Quay House, 2 The Sq, Temple Quay, Bristol, BS1 6EB. Email: paw. [email protected] gov. uk. Tel: 0117 372 8551.

M Brasher

PAW Co-Chairman

Head of Global Wildlife Section

Department for Environment, Food and Countryside Affairs

L Brunstrom

PAW Co-Chairman

Main Constable

North Wales Law enforcement officials

iii

Items

Chapter 1: Introduction

1

1 . 1

1 . 2

1

2

Background

Features of consideration

Chapter two: Scenes of crime assessments

2 . you

2 . 2

2 . 3

2 . 4

5

Fingerprints

Fibres, curly hair and coat

Footwear, tyre and instrument marks

Assorted traces and glass selections

5

7

8

15

Chapter several: Questioned files & digital records

12

3. 1

3. 1 . 1

several. 1 . a couple of

3. 2

12

15

16

seventeen

Questioned papers

Video Unreal Comparator (VSC)

Electrostatic Doc Analyser (ESDA)

Digital forensics

Chapter some: Firearms

nineteen

Chapter a few: DNA Profiling

23

5. 1

a few. 2

a few. 2 . you

5. 2 . 2

a few. 3

5. 3. 1

5. three or more. 2

a few. 3. several

5. several. 4

five. 3. a few

23

24

24

25

26

twenty-seven

29

thirty-one

31

thirty-two

Description of DNA Profiling method

Human DNA

The National DNA Database (NDNAD)

Linking a suspect into a crime picture

Wildlife GENETICS

Checking statements of captive breeding

Determining species

Minimal number of family pets

Gender perseverance

A typical GENETICS case

Section 6: Specimen Identification

thirty-three

6. you

6. 2

6. 2 . 1

33

34

thirty four

35

thirty-five

37

37

38

6th. 2 . two

6. 2 . 3

4

General factors

Animal Morphology

Museum Solutions

Whole individuals

Skeletons, skulls, horns, antlers, tusks (ivory)...

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