Proposal submitted to

Tribhuvan University or college

Faculty of Science and Technology

Lalitpur Valley School (LVC)

Jawalakhel, Lalitpur


B. tech 4th year


Ginger is one of the oldest seasonings to be supposed native to South East Asia, but like a great many other tropical herb of the economic importance, their exact source is doubtful. It is stated in early books of Cina and India. The adventure, Marco Polo, in recording to his journeys during the 13th and fourteenth century, noted that ginger was being cultivated in Southern region China and Malabar Shoreline of India (Leverington, 1983).

According to available famous records, the utilization of ginger in east was as liven and remedies. In Ayurveda, as craminative and stimulating. It is given in dyspepsia and flatulent colic. It is said to get an essential crescendo in all Ayurveda preparation (Govindrajan, 1982). The utilization of ginger in Southern Europe was in ancient Greece and the spices from the east that passes the hands of dealers via Red sea. The Roman, also, obtained ginger and other spices through the Rea sea trading posts. While serving inside the Roman army under Nero ahead software, the Greek military cosmetic surgeon, Nioscordes (A. D forty five to A. D 90), ascribed certain beneficial effects in his commemorated Materia Medica.

Sills (1961) and Guenther (1952) reported the Spainards got ginger to Mexico and West Indies in the 16th century, and by 1547, the spices was reported recently been from these areas to Europe.


Ginger is owned by Zingiberaceae Family members which includes 47 overal. The genus Zingiber contains 80-90 varieties, among them officinale is the grown one (exception Zingiber mioga, Japanese ginger) (Borget, 1989). It is perennial, monocotyledon, herbaceous plant producing buff shaded, fibrous and underground branching rhizomes in palamate habits (Leverington, 1983). The rhizome produce set up and slim stems which can grow to height of 2-3 feet are covered with sheathing leaf angles. The leaves are alternative, light green in color, smooth, sessile and may be lanceolate or perhaps linear lanceolate. Each cutting tool has a well toned central ribs. The size of tea leaf is 15-20 com extended and two to three cm vast and it is highly pointed and tends to collapse inwards (Lawerebce, 1984).

Formula of Turmeric

The ginger rhizome is made up of a mixture of an essential oil, a fixed oil, stinky compounds, starch and others saccharides, proteins, cellulose, waxes, coloring matter, trace minerals etc . Substance composition of ginger varies with varieties, climatic state, soil state, fertilizer uses. Further we have a great effect of maturity, handling, storage, drying out and other digesting methods on the chemical composition of turmeric. The chemical substance composition of green ginger is given in table under



Moisture (g)80. 89

Healthy proteins (g) installment payments on your 3

Excess fat (g)0. 9

Fiber (g)2. 4

Carbohydrates (g)12. three or more

Calcium (g)0. 02

Phosphorous (g)0. summer

Iron (mg)2. 6

Energy (kcal)67

Carotene (mg)40

Thiamine (mg)0. summer

Niacin (mg) 0. six

Riboflavin (mg) 0. goal

Ascorbic acid (mg)6. zero

SOURCE: Watt and Merril (1975)

Turmeric production in Nepal

Ginger is one of the important spices as well medicinal crops in the country. It really is becoming the major cash plant of the middle hills maqui berry farmers. Salyan, Palpa, Tanahu, Syanja, Kaski, Makwanpur, Bhojpur and Illam are the leading areas for ginger cultivation. The overall area as well as the cultivation of ginger(1995/96) is estimated about be 6082(hectors) and 64703(metric ton) respectively. It has been predicted that 60 per cent of the total production can be exported to India in the farm of fresh or perhaps dry ginger and outstanding 40% is utilized locally to get seed and then for confectionery purposes (GRP/NARC/1997).


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